Monday, 13 June 2016


Kangaroo is Australian animal. This animal belongs to mammals that have pouch (marsupials). Kangaroo can be found throughout Australia main land, especially in the Savanna and eucalypt forests area. Kangaroo eats grass which is still fresh and green.
When viewed from the physical characteristics, kangaroo has unique characteristics which different with other animals. Kangaroo has a small head size but has pretty long ears. These long ears can hear voice from a great distance to help them out of danger, especially from predators. This animal’s body is covered by a fairly dense fur. Kangaroo has a snout like a rabbit whereas female kangaroo has a pocket in front of its body. The pouch serves to keep their children away from danger.
Their hind legs have a larger size than the front legs. These hind legs are very strong and size of the palm is so big which make them easier to jump. They can leap so fast. It could reach 70 km / h. While their front legs are used to attract or to hold food and to dig. Then, their tails are very long and strong which serve as a tool for balancing the body while standing. They can survive up to 9-18 years in the wild. But there is also a kangaroo who reached the age of 28 years.
Based on the color and distribution, they are divided into three species. The first is Red Kangaroo. This species is the largest marsupial animals which are still alive on the earth. When standing, their height can reach more than 2 meters and weigh up to 90 kg. This kind of kangaroos lives in large groups. Red kangaroo is very dependent on the weather and water. They are more active in cold weather and become passive in hot weather. The next one is eastern gray kangaroo. This species has a gray fur color. They are smaller than the red kangaroo. This type of kangaroo is found in eastern Australia, and the last is western gray kangaroos. This species is found in the western and southern Australia. They are very numerous in nature.
They reproduce by bearing its child. Time period of pregnancy in female kangaroo depends on every species. In gray kangaroo ranged 18-38 days, while for red kangaroo species (Macropus rufus) experienced a period of gestation about 33 days. After the baby kangaroo is born, kangaroo raises the child inside its pouches.
Question About The Text
1.   Where does kangaroo come from?
a.  Australia.
b.    Indonesia.
c.    America.
d.    Africa.
e.    Europe.
2.  What is marsupial?
a.    Animals that live in land and water.
b.  Mammals that have pouch.
c.    Rare animals.
d.    Uncountable animals.
e.    Animals that can run really fast.
3.  Where does kangaroo can be found?
a.    Africa.
b.    Europe.
c.   Australia.
d.    Indonesia.
e.    America.
4.  What are kangaroo’s foods?
a.    Fish.
b.    Meat.
c.    Leaves.
d.  Grass.
e.    Everything.
5.  What are kangaroo’s unique characteristics?
a.    Small head but have no ears.
b.    Big head and short ears.
c.    Big head and long ears.
d.    Small head and short ears.
e.  Small head and long ears.
6.  What is the specialty of kangaroo’s ears?
a.    The kangaroo is deaf.
b.    Not special.
c.    Just a decoration for the head.
d.    Can communicate with every animals.
e.  Can hear a voice from a long distance.
7.  What is the thing that covered kangaroo’s body?
a.    Skin.
b.    Scales.
c.    Shell.
d.  Fur.
e.    Feather.
8.  What is the thing that only female kangaroo can have?
a.    Stomach.
b.    Special leg.
c.   Pocket/pouch.
d.    Tail.
e.    Eyes.
9.  What is the function of the pouch?
a.    For a decoration.
b.  To keep the children from danger.
c.    For enterteining its husband.
d.    For sleep if there is no proper place for sleep.
e.    Don’t have any functions.
10.   How are the characteristics of the kangaroo’s legs?
a.  The hind legs are larger than the front legs.
b.    The front legs are larger than the hind legs.
c.    The hind legs are smaller than the front legs.
d.    The legs are the same.
e.    Nothing special.
11.    Why does their legs are shaped like that?
a.  It will be easier for kangaroo to jump.
b.    For stronger kick.
c.    To attract the male/female kangaroo.
d.    To run faster.
e.    For a decoration.
12.   How fast a kangaroo can leap?
a.    100 km/h.
b.    70 km/h.
c.    50 km/h.
d.    25 km/h.
e.    5 km/h.
13.   What are the functions of the front legs?
a.    To jump higher.
b.    To kick stronger.
c.   To hold foods and dig.
d.    For serving their children.
e.    For decoration.
14.   The distribution of kangaroo’s species is based on what aspects?
     a. The height
     b. The total of the legs.
     c. The length of the tail.
     d. The skin color.
     e. The kind of the foods.
15.   What are the three species of the kangaroo?
     a. Big, medium, and small kangaroo.
     b. Australian, Asian, and American kangaroo.
     c. Herbivore, Carnivore, and Omnivore kangaroo.
     d. Noble educated, and slave kangaroo.
     e. Red, eastern gray, and western gray kangaroo.
16.   What is the largest species of kangaroo?
     a. Eastern red kangaroo.
     b. Western red kangaroo.
     c. Eastern gray kangaroo.
     d. Western gray kangaroo.
     e. Red kangaroo.
17.   What is the most numerous species of kangaroo?
     a. Eastern red kangaroo.
     b. Western red kangaroo.
     c. Eastern gray kangaroo.
     d. Western gray kangaroo.
     e. Red kangaroo.
18.   How does kangaroo reproduce?
     a. Ovipar
     b. Ovovivipar.
     c. Breeding.
     d. Laying eggs.
     e. Splitting itself.
19.   What does kangaroo do after the baby is born?
     a. Neglecting the child.
     b. Raise the child inside the pouch.
     c. Kill itself for the sake of the child.
     d. Order the child to hunt for itself.
     e. Do abortion.
20. The Red Kangaroo is dependent by...
     a. Weather and water.
     b. Their partner/mate.
     c. The sun.
     d. The ocean.
     e. Things that the color is red.

Descriptive Text

Borobudur Temple
Borobudur is the biggest temple in Indonesia. Candi Borobudur is in Magelang, Central Java, notwithstanding being a clamoring vacation destination, is likewise a focal point of love for Buddhists in Indonesia, particularly in every festival of Vesak. This is steady with the importance of its name is "cloister in the slopes". Borobudur is right now assigned as one of the UNESCO World Heritage. 
Borobudur was constructed around 800 BC or 9th century. Borobudur was assembled by the devotees of the Mahayana Buddha amid the rule of the Sailendra line. This temple was fabricated in the prime of the Sailendra tradition. Borobudur author, King Samaratungga from dynastic or Sailendra administration. The likelihood of this temple was manufactured around 824 AD and was finished around the year 900 AD amid the rule of Queen Pramudawardhani who is the girl of Samaratungga. While the engineers who added to construct this temple as indicated by the account of inherited named Gunadharma. 
The word Borobudur itself by first composed confirmation composed by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the Governor General of Great Britain in Java, which gave the name of this temple. There is no composed proof that more established who issued it the name Borobudur temple. The main archives that demonstrate the presence most established temple is Nagarakertagama book, which was composed by MPU Prapanca in 1365. In the book composed that the temple was utilized as a position of Buddhist contemplation. 
The importance of the name Borobudur "cloister in the slopes", which is gotten from "bara" (temple or religious community) and "beduhur" (slopes or high place) in Sanskrit. Accordingly, as per the significance of the name Borobudur, then this spot since it was utilized as a position of Buddhist love. 
This temple for quite a long time no more utilized. At that point due to volcanic emissions, a large portion of the structures secured Borobudur volcanic soil. Moreover, the building is secured with trees and bushes for a considerable length of time. At that point the building of this temple started to be overlooked in the times of Islam landed in Indonesia around the 15th century. 
In 1814 when the British involved Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles knew about the disclosure of monster archeological protest in the town Bumisegoro Magelang. Because of the immense premium the historical backdrop of Java, then instantly requested Raffles HC Cornelius, a Dutch architect, to examine the revelation of the area it is a slope secured with bushes. 
Cornelius helped by around 200 men chop down trees and evacuate bushes that secured the titan building. Since the building is as of now delicate and could crumple, then answer to the Raffles Cornelius development incorporates a few pictures. In view of the disclosure, Raffles was respected as the individual who began the rebuilding of Borobudur and got the consideration of the world. In 1835, the whole zone of the temple has been unearthed. The temple proceeds restored the Dutch frontier period.

Question About Borobudur Temple
1.   The biggest temple in Indonesia is...
a.  Borobudur.
b.    Prambanan.
c.    Ratu Boko.
d.    Cangkuang.
e.    Mendut
2.  Borobudur Temple is located in...
a.    Bandung, West Java.
b.  Magelang, Central Java.
c.    Yogyakarta, DIY.
d.    Semarang, Central Java.
e.     Surabaya, East Java.
3.  What festival that is celebrated by Buddhist that made Borobudur Temple become a focal point of love?
a.    Nyepi.
b.    Idul Fitri.
c.   Vesak.
d.    Idul Adha.
e.    Christmas.
4.  The others name of Borobudur Temple is...
a.    The Magic Temple.
b.    Ordinary Temple.
c.    Buddhist Regency.
d.  Cloister in The Slopes.
e.    Hideaway of Buddhist.
5.  When was Borobudur Temple manufacture?
a.    800 AD.
b.    840 AD.
c.    802 AD.
d.    842 AD.
e.  824 AD.
6.  When was The Borobudur Temple’s construction finish?
a.    9 AD.
b.    90 AD.
c.    999 AD.
d.    909 AD.
e.  900 AD.
7.  Who is the Borobudur Temple’s author?
a.    Queen Pramudawardhani.
b.    Sidharta Gautama.
c.    Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.
d.  King Samaratungga.
e.    Gajah Mada.
8.  Who is Queen Pramudawardhani?
a.    The author’s husband.
b.    The author’s wife.
c.   The author’s daughter.
d.    The author’s son.
e.    The author’s parent.
9.  Who gave a name of this temple?
a.    Sidharta Gautama.
b.  Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.
c.    King Samaratungga.
d.    Gajah Mada.
e.    Queen Pramudawardhani.
10.   Who made Nagarakertama book?
a.  Mpu Prapanca.
b.    Mpu Tantular.
c.    Mpu Sindok.
d.    Mpu Gandring.
e.    Mpu Bharada.
11.    What does “bara” mean?
a.  Religious comunity.
b.    Coal.
c.    Ember.
d.    Place for living.
e.    Slopes.
12.   What does “beduhur” mean?
a.    Slippers.
b.  High Place.
c.    Temple.
d.    Ancestors.
e.    Porridge.
13.   Why did the temple no more utilized for a long time? Because of...
a.    Doomsday.
b.    Topsoil.
c.   Volcanic Soil.
d.    Earthquake.
e.    Tsunami.
14.   What was the things that covered the temple for a considerable length of time?
a.    Human’s housing.
b.    Volcanic eruption.
c.    Trees and animal’s nest.
d.  Trees and bushes.
e.    Lava.
15.   When did the temple start to be overlooked again?
a.    10 BC.
b.    1st Century.
c.    5th Century.
d.    10th Century.
e.  15th Century.
16.   Who was the architect that asked by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles to examine Borobudur Temple?
a.    Cornelis de Houtman.
b.    Ferdinand Magelhaens.
c.    Sidharta Gautama.
d.    Gunadharma.
e.  HC Cornelius.
17.   How many people that helped the arcithect?
a.    No one.
b.    24.
c.    100.
d.  200.
e.    Uncountable.
18.   When did the temple restored?
a.    1800.
b.    1814.
c.   1835.
d.    1853.
e.    1999.
19.   Where does King Samaratungga come from?
a.    Sanjaya Dynastic
b.  Sailendra Dynastic.
c.    Ming Dynastic.
d.    Islam Dynastic.
e.    Dutch Dynastic.
20.  Who was Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles?
a.  Governor General of Britain.
b.    Portuguese’s president.
c.    Japan’s soldier.
d.    The founder of Borobudur Temple.
e.    Netherland’s architect.